The Effects of Ecstasy or MDMA on the Brain
Susan Merle Gordon, director of research at the Caron Foundation, provides this description of Chemisrty popular club drug and its effects. Ecstasy is a commonly used Chemistry of ecstasy for the chemical substance methylene-dioxymethamphetamine, which is abbreviated as MDMA.
Ecstasy is comprised of chemical variations of amphetamine or methamphetamine stimulants and a hallucinogen, such as mescaline. Numerous illegal laboratories produce MDMA Chemistry of ecstasy use a wide variety of drug combinations, some of which are more lethal than others. MDMA is produced in tablet or capsule form and is usually taken orally, although there are Chemistry of ecstasy cases of intravenous use .
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MDMAs acute effects last from three Chemistry of ecstasy eight hours  and its short-lasting effects include feelings of euphoria, enhanced mental and emotional clarity, sensations of lightness and floating and other hallucinations. Users of MDMA also have suppressed appetite, thirst or need to sleep.
Sometimes users Chemistru are attending two- to three-day parties suffer from severe dehydration or exhaustion . It is very possible to overdose on Chemistry of ecstasy these overdoses may produce fatality by heart failure or extreme heat stroke .
Abuse of MDMA has significantly increased, by percent, from Chemistry of ecstasy Likewise, in only 79 cases of MDMA overdose were reported by hospital emergency rooms; inhowever, emergency rooms reported 2, MDMA cases .
Chemistry of ecstasy MDMA often is used by adolescents and young adults at dance clubs, all-night dance ecwtasy raves and rock concerts. Use by young people sharply increased in from prior years of decline.
Approximately one in 20 10th- and 12th-grade students reported they had used MDMA at least one time in MDMA appears to be easily available to young people, especially in the northeastern U. The proportion of high school seniors who think that Chemistry of ecstasy is easy to FMF in Louisiana doubled from to .
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Serotonin is a brain chemical that plays an important role in regulating mood, aggressive behavior, sexual activity, sleep, and pain sensitivity. Some research Chemistry of ecstasy has linked a decrease in serotonin activity to cognitive ecstawy, such as memory processes .
Research studies on nonhuman primates Chemistry of ecstasy found decreases in serotinin activity for as long as seven years following MDMA exposure . Some scientists think that humans may be more susceptible to brain damage than are other primates. Cumulative doses of MDMA that are taken by moderate users over a prolonged time period Chemistry of ecstasy have similar negative consequences to the high experimental doses given evstasy short time periods to nonhuman primates.Pattaya Ladyboy Dating
Other naturalistic research studies that assess the psychological and cognitive functioning of people who abuse MDMA also find long-lasting impairments. A recent review of the major research studies on MDMA concluded that there is Chemistry of ecstasy body of evidence that links heavy and prolonged MDMA use to confusion, depression, Local whores Darien problems, severe anxiety, and aggressive Chemkstry impulsive behavior .
Because many regular users Chemistry of ecstasy MDMA also use marijuana, a recent research study compared people who use both marijuana and MDMA with people who use only marijuana and to people who use neither drug.Housewives Want Sex Tonight East Concord NewYork 14055
The study found that MDMA users performed worse Chemistry of ecstasy the other two groups on complex cognitive tasks of attention, memory, learning and general intelligence. People who heavily used MDMA and marijuana had lower levels of cognitive performance than lighter users .
Other research wcstasy confirmed that moderate to heavy use of MDMA is linked to impairments in memory . Although MDMA generally is not considered to be an addictive substance, recent reports in the scientific literature suggest that some people may become dependent Chemistry of ecstasy or addicted to the drug.
Most people who use MDMA restrict their use to weekends because frequent use quickly reduces the positive effects as tolerance to the drug develops .
Tolerance is a major symptom of Chemistry of ecstasy dependence. Withdrawal symptoms are also among the necessary criteria for dependence. ecstzsy
Another important symptom of drug Chemistry of ecstasy is difficulty in controlling or abstaining from drug use despite negative social, psychological or physical consequences. A case study of three young, CChemistry, heavy and Chemistry of ecstasy MDMA users identified these symptoms of ecstas.
All three realized that their daily Free girl account games had become impaired as a result of MDMA; they each unsuccessfully attempted to abstain from the drug; and during detoxification, they experienced fatigue, low mood, anxiety and sleep disturbances as withdrawal symptoms.
The authors concluded that each of the three cases met criteria for MDMA dependence . Conclusions MDMA is marketed by street drug dealers as a "safe," nonaddictive recreational drug that enhances Chemitry persons enjoyment and Chemistry of ecstasy to Chemistry of ecstasy with others. Nothing could be further from the truth.
Even occasional light users of MDMA risk overdose and premature death.
Moderate to heavy users risk addiction, as well as long-term impairments in psychological and cognitive functioning. All Muscular female strippers of MDMA at least temporarily lose their ability to relate to and enjoy being with other people without the influence of a mind-altering, dangerous substance. Chemistry of ecstasy up for our email newsletter. You have free article s left.
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